How can ski resorts get smart? Transdisciplinary approaches to sustainable winter tourism in the European Alps.
Polderman A., Haller A., Viesi D., Tabin X., Sala S., Giorgi A., Darmayan L., Rager J., Vidovič J., Daragon Q., Verchère Y., Zupan U., Houbé N., Heinrich K., Bender O., Bidault Y.
Climate change and the call for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the efficient use of (renewable) energy, and more resilient winter tourism regions, forces ski resorts across the European Alps to look for “smart” approaches to transition towards a sustainable, low-carbon economy. Drawing on the smart-city concept and considering the different historical developments of Alpine resorts, the Smart Altitude Decision-Making Toolkit was developed using a combination of an energy audit tool, a WebGIS, and collaborative and innovative living labs installed in Les Orres (France), Madonna di Campiglio (Italy), Krvavec (Slovenia), and Verbier (Switzerland). This step-by-step Decision-Making Toolkit enables ski resorts to get feedback on their energy demand, an overview of the locally available sources of renewable energy, and insights regarding their potential for improving their energy efficiency by low-carbon interventions. The Decision-Making Toolkit is suitable for knowledge transfer between stakeholders within living labs and moreover provides the flexibility for tailor-made low-carbon strategies adapting to the unique assets and situatedness of ski resorts
mountain tourism; renewable energy; low-carbon economy; living lab; resort towns; transformation knowledgeLink